This page offers guidelines on how to properly format your cover page, reference page the bibliography and general in-text citing. First, your paper must be typed on standard-sized paper 8. The last pages of your document should include a detailed list of the references you used to write your paper. Try to write one to two sentences summarizing each section of your paper. What do the findings mean? Only include information that is also included in the body of your paper. It can sometimes mean removing material from a text as in the similar term redacting or taking information plagiarizing.
A good rule of thumb is between four and seven keywords. Again, this is essentially a quick peek at what readers will find when they read your results section. Example Style Guide with Examples The last page of your paper should be a References page. The abstract should be typed as a single paragraph, double-spaced, with no indentation. The abstract should give readers a glimpse of what you will discuss and any results you have found. Your abstract can also include keywords from your paper. Note that the source you are citing is an abstract of a longer article.
Avoid using quotations in the abstract to conserve space. It can also mean considerin … g the nature of an object or event without reference to its physical qualities, such as discussing river flooding without reference to all of its causes and effects. Below your abstract paragraph, indent as though you were starting a new paragraph. Each sentence must be written with maximum impact in mind. The top will include the aforementioned page header.
Sometimes having someone look at your abstract with fresh eyes can provide perspective and help you spot possible typos and other errors. Your abstract page should already include the page header described above. This should contain 150—200 words only. The first and the most important conflict is the conflict of transportation: in The Metamorphosis - of a man into a bug, in Two Kinds - of a Chinese girl into an American one. This format also stipulates the use of an abstract designed to very briefly summarize the key details contained in a paper without providing too much detail. If requested, place a list of keywords on your abstract page on the line immediately following the actual text of your abstract. How should the list of keywords be formatted? The abstract should be no fewer than 150 words, but no more than 250.
Summarize the key findings and conclusions. Outline the , , and. Abstract is usually written after the research was done. Something most people forget to include in their formatted paper is a running head at the top of each page. You have an abstract for your paper.
Once you have completed the final draft of your , use it as a guide for writing your abstract. Example of abstract from a literature essay Abstract This paper briefly analyses two short stories - The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka and Two Kinds by Amy Tan. The short stories are contrasted and compared on the basis of the conflicts mentioned in both of them. Examples: A book with an author Sheppard, L. The abstract is the next page, then the main body. Otherwise an executive summary is not significantly different from an abstract.
These style guidelines specify different aspects of a document's presentation and layout, including how pages are structured, the organization of references, and how citations are made. Writing Commons helps students improve their writing, critical thinking, and information literacy. Still, it does describe the issues raised in the paper and highlights the results the author comes to in the course of the literary analysis. A running head should appear in the upper left-hand corner of your paper. Under your name, type the name of your academic institution or research organization. In the unusual case you're describing, it really depends on the preference of your teacher or whoever you're writing this for, so you should just ask them.
Do not indent the abstract. Considerations In-text citations should include authors' names and year of publication and should be fully cited on the references list. Do not, however, include titles such as Dr. Since your abstract is a summary of your paper's contents, you should write it once the contents of your paper are finalized. How much you write for each subject area e. To handle both the medical opportunities and ethical dilemmas posed by the genome project, scientists need to develop a clear set of principles for genetic engineering and to continue educating the public about the genome project.