In fact, refusal to conform is viewed as independence or rebellion. However, the main difference between conformity and obedience is that the influence of authority in conformity is indirect whereas it is direct in obedience. In obedience, there is a direct influence of authority. Surprisingly, Milgram found that 65 percent of participants were willing to deliver the maximum level of shocks on the orders of the experimenter. Throughout the trial, Eichmann suggested that he was simply following orders and that he felt no guilt for his role in the mass murders because he had only been doing what his superiors requested and that he had played no role in the decision to exterminate the captives.
Now, the habit of using two terms interchangeably unaware of the subtle differences between them, is a common mistake prone to many of us. Obedience is a spirit that makes schools to be great centers of learning as otherwise it would be difficult for a teacher to conduct a class where some students refuse to follow the orders given by the teacher. Conformity represents the act of congruity. A teacher who was to give an electric shock to a learner for every wrong answer. Unbeknownst to the participant, the person supposedly receiving the shocks was actually in on the experiment and was merely acting out responses to imaginary shocks. Conclusion Conformity and obedience are two social behavioural traits.
Thus the phenomena of conformity and obedience seem to transcend culture. Likewise, obedience can be observed in situations where kids become obedient to their parents, students following the instructions of a teacher, employee following the orders of their boss or when followers of religious leaders become obedient to their leaders. Norms can refer to certain practices, , or. In conformity actions determined by a need to be accepted while in obedience actions determined by a social power. Compliance vs Conformity Do you know the difference between Compliance and Conformity? The and Milgram experiments have been repeated in many societies, where they have yielded results roughly similar to those seen in the United States. Compliance denotes a situation wherein certain rules or orders have been met.
As opposed to a state of Compliance, Conformity is not prescribed by a legal body. Moreover, both these traits highlight a certain degree of surrender to another person. Those who are followers of the spiritual leaders perceive them to be a legitimate authority and obey his orders. Conformity stems from the need to feel accepted, to avoid rejection and thereby seek security within a particular group. Because the participants had become so involved in their roles, with the guards utilizing authoritarian techniques to gain the obedience of the prisoners.
It differs from which involves changing your behavior at the request of another person and which involves altering your behavior in order to go along with the rest of the group. Perhaps our use of the terms Compliance and Conformity synonymously is a fitting example. Power of Authority There is a direct power of authority that influences others to be obedient whereas the power of authority in conformity is indirect. Starting with the parents when we kids, we have to obey orders from teachers in school and then our boss when we are adults. Cross-cultural research in other Western cultures has also yielded high rates of obedience using Milgram's procedure. These are similar but not the same and there are subtle differences. Conformity, on the other hand, refers to when a person behaves or acts according to certain social norms of a group.
When the teacher was required to force the hand of the learner onto the button 'electrocuting' himself. The study had to be discontinued after a mere six days even though it was originally slated to last two weeks. One interesting application of this concept has been to the nurse-physician relationship. In order to belong to this group, the members should conform themselves to the rules and standards of the group so that they can easily reach their together as one. Obedience to authority does not have to include a group of people.
Conformity Conformity makes people to behave according to the wishes of others. Compliance then means that the person fulfilling the order did not have a choice in the matter. For example, obedience rates of over 80% have been reported for samples from Italy, Germany, Austria, Spain, and Holland. So where exactly lays the difference between Obedience and conformity, when they seem to have almost similar connotations? But ecologically valid, although in a more serious situation based around cruelty to others under guidance of a higher power. When you are conforming, you are also being obedient. Check out what is the difference between conformity and obedience with these details. Both these traits display similarity with regard to the degree of surrender under authoritative powers.
However, there is an indirect authority in conformity as well. It can also be defined as the phenomenon where a person is yielding to explicit instructions or orders from an authority figure. To avoid such a consequence, the company will no doubt comply with the prescribed regulation. Compliance is seen often in everyday life. These are prevalent aspects that influence the decision making procedure and social interactions of a person. Conformity is essentially seen in groups and communities where the members should follow the accepted standards or norms imposed upon them.
Hence, in conformity, there is more of an adaptive quality when compared to obedience. Psychology identifies conformity as a type of social influence involving a change in belief or behaviour in order to fit in with a group. Conformity Conformity is a characteristic that makes people act according to the wishes of others. In every group, conformity and obedience are traits commonly encountered. Unfortunately, it seems as though Milgram's results were not flukes.
In conformity there is no explicit demand to act in a certain way, where as in obedience the orders are direct. Thus, the individual carried out the order with a foreknowledge of the consequences in refusing to fulfill that order. A fine example of this is the dictatorial leadership of Nazi rulers and Holocaust victims. This is another important difference between conformity and obedience. Location, obedience dropped to 47. On the other hand, it is peer pressure which introduces conformity among a group of people.