Nevertheless, every single piece of information on the cover page ought to be precise. Writing the Main Body This will present some basics about writing the body of your paper. Examples of notes are followed by shortened versions of citations to the same source. Note that numbers preceding footnotes themselves are also typed above the line. Both the notes and the bibliography entries should be single-spaced within each entry and double-spaced between entries. These two systems are also sometimes referred to as Chicago-style citations, because they are the same as the ones presented in The Chicago Manual of Style. The first page of the text should be numbered at the bottom center of the page and subsequent pages in the upper right-hand corner.
The writer or the student is at liberty to choose the in-text citation style that he or she can use. You can also purchase a copy through the Liberty University Bookstore. Formatting the Basics Always check the requirements and preferences of your professor, department, and institution. The turabian paper must come with either footnotes or endnotes. Conversely, Turabian style research papers are more flexible in such a way they can work with nearly any kind of paper, including professional papers such as dissertations and thesis. Note: the body of your paper begins on Page Two. Formatting Citations and a Bibliography This will introduce the two styles used for citing sources and research within your paper.
Block quotations in the text should also be separated from the rest of the text by a blank line before and after the quotation. We can offer sample cover letters to you in this regard. Book published electronically If a book is available in more than one format, cite the version you consulted. The following example shows a more formal parenthetical citation. Though this is optional in some cases, it is highly advised, since it makes your work very creative.
Generally, the feature that sets Turabian Style apart from is the use of endnotes or footnotes, so this is most likely the style that most instructors will expect to see in your paper. Know the difference between primary and secondary sources, and try to use as many primary sources as possible. Below are the formatting rules for a Turabian title page. If you are using an endnote, they should come on a separate page after the illustrations at the back of the work before the bibliography. In that case, the author's name and a short title must be used. Generally, you should double space between elements and make the page look balanced. The best resource for Turabian help: A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by Kate L.
The more concise author-date style has long been used in the physical, natural, and social sciences. However, when you are meant to write some academic papers in the course of your university education, you must do so with a specific paper writing system, and one of the most famous systems is the turabian paper method. Our Turabian and sample papers place the page numbers at the top right. Below this, also centered, type your name; below your name, type your university information. Most bibliography entries are arranged in alphabetical order. In the text, you have to begin with the introduction and end with the usual conclusion. Formatting a title page in Turabian will differ depending on if you are writing in a humanities or social science field.
Article in a Journal: Hlatky, Mark A. An Overview of the Primary Requirements of Turabian papers Most basic concepts concerning Turabian style writing are virtually similar to the Chicago style which is more commonly used than Turabian. You would need to include a citation for this second statement. Article in a print journal Bogren, Alexandra. Studybay is a freelance platform. For example, the information that follows the title may or may not be typed in all caps.
If you already know which system to use, follow one of the links above to see sample citations for a variety of common sources. The name of the author, the title of the work and date of quotation must come at the end of the epigraph, and this must come after two hyphens. This style presents bibliographic information in footnotes or endnotes and, usually, a bibliography. However, your instructor may want you to include different elements in your title page. Article in an Online Journal: 33. When you get to three-quarter down, you can now type your name, the title of the course, the number, section and the date of submission of the work. Because such content is subject to change, include an access date and, if available, a date that the site was last modified.
If you consulted the article in a library or commercial database, you may give the name of the database instead. Those papers would also include a reference list of works cited at the end. The following example shows a more formal parenthetical citation. Because such content is subject to change, include an access date and, if available, a date that the site was last modified. Learn how to use the indexes to get into the information in these three types of periodicals. The use of footnotes or endnotes together with in-text citation is a clear distinction between Turabian style papers and Turabian research papers written in other academic writing styles. You should ensure that the title comes at exactly one-third of the way down in the paper.
If a teacher instructs you to use Turabian style and does not specify which citation system to use, use the notes and bibliography style. However, with endnotes, numbers may be either superscript, or typed on the line followed by a period and two spaces. Last modified July 27, 2012. Notes-Bibliography Style: Sample Citations The following examples illustrate citations using notes-bibliography style. It also gives due respect to the authors of the works. The list should be labeled with capital letters and the number must correspond with that of the citation in the text. Examples of Bibliography Entries Book: Franklin, John Hope.