Please know that disrespect is never intended- not really. In 1970 Van Sertima immigrated to the United States, where he entered in , for graduate work. Conflicts that raise passions, passions that blind us to details other than what supports our argument… which is what seems to have happened here. The evidence in undeniable and illustrates how history can easily be distorted by the political climate of the time. Centuries before Columbus or even Eric the Red, commerce and exploration between Africa and the Americas blossomed, and an entire African kingdom seems to have immigrated to South America.
Many of the topics discussed are controversial and passions run deep. The modern thought that all this travel and coupling, mixing and matching only started a couple of years before we realized it was happening, is ridiculous. The presence and influence of Africans had to be covered up wherever it was found. Richard Spikes, an African American, invented one of many improved automatic gear shifts in 1932. Sailing, especially such great distances, was not an achievement that was typically attributed to Africans of that time, but it would have been necessary to reach the Americas. Since then however I had read better researched and better written material which supports the now seemingly obvious notion that civilizations of all cultural and ethnic stripes and in many geographic locations made very similar technological advances around the same period and those that ultimately came to prominence on a world wide scale had the help of other geographic factors and just dumb luck.
Stylistically compelling, this book can be an enchanting read, though its thesis is deeply flawed. Ivan Van Sertima was born in Guyana, South America. Combining impressive scholarship with a novelist's gift for storytelling, Van Sertima re-creates some of the most powerful scenes of human history: the launching of the great ships of Mali in 1310 two hundred master boats and two hundred supply boats , the sea expedition of the Mandingo king in 1311, and many others. At this time I will also apologize. Her publications include The Black Photographers Annual and Black Photographers.
Sidenote: I enjoyed the story of Mali in Chapter 3. It begins with some really engrossing explorations that challenged my understandings, and who doesn't like that? The book makes a carefully balanced case for an African presence in America before Columbus' voyages. Because they never had been exposed to those microbes, never developing any resistance against them. As for the inventions of the African Americans, I stand corrected. The author however presents much data suggesting that Africans did make contact in native America before Columbus. The Portuguese told Columbus they were aware of African navigation and they were also aware of a land mass to the south as a result of African migration. Other authors make this point in a more reasoned manner supported by more research.
This book is likely to engender disputes and disagreements. West African's of that period often made offerings to the Ocean, a gourd filled with seeds would be most appropriate. The impact of these early discoveries is of far more than historical interest. In this book, the author presents evidence and arguments for the existence of black Africans in America before the arrival of Columbus and the beginning of the Atlantic Slave Trade in 1492. If each piece of evidence and argument was listed, the list would be as long as the index. Shame your Gramma had to see that.
Mee, it was mentioned that these Spanish conquerors are also committed to spreading Christianity to. First, he ends up treating the Pre-Columbian, South American Natives in exactly the same manner as he accuses others of treating Africa!!! I find some of his postulates highly effective, and I do believe Africans were on this continent long before Columbus. I feel like I would have rated this book higher if I had read it earlier in life when I was inundated with material that perpetuated social darwinistic myths about the inadequacies of non-european cultures. This is a book that ought to be required reading for everybody living on Earth. Blacks in Science: Ancient and Modern, Journal of African Civilizations. The history has factual accountability.
They Came Before Columbus reveals a compelling, dramatic, and superbly detailed documentation of the presence and legacy of Africans in ancient America. Conflicts like the one you mention. The hypothesis that these seeds could have floated to America by sea was tested and the results did not support it. I enjoyed reading this and have reread sections of it over the years. It is still possible to argue that pre-columbian contact existed, but one will need some kind of proof for this, not the kind of wishful thinking Sertima engages in in this book. Behind the dramatizations, Van Sertima asserts two different points: 1 that Africans travelled by sea from Egypt to America about 3000 years ago, thus sparking the first American civilization, the Olmec; and 2 that Afrikans from the Empire of Mali had extensive trading relations with the American peoples of the Caribbean from the time of Mansa Abubakari, in the early 14th century. In doing so, he also attempts to combat the perceived inferiority of black Africans due to their perceived lack of technological or cultural advancements prior to colonialism in Africa.
It brings together the latest research of the 1980s on Nile Valley civilizations, what they achieved, and their impact on Africa and the world. The book deals mostly with his arguments for an African origin of Mesoamerican culture in the Western Hemisphere. Alfonso de Garay, Director of the Genetic Program of the National Commission for Nuclear Energy in Mexico. It was published in French in 1981 and in the same year, was awarded the Clarence L. His voyage and arrival to America has a great importance to the American history since it marked the genesis of European exploration and colonization of America. N Nanu, on said: Hello ninebabydragons.
I don't know enough about archaeology to say for sure how valid his arguments are in that regard, but they certainly ho Obviously this is a controversial book, but it's a good book. Ivan Van Sertima was born in Guyana, South America. Ivan Van Sertima is not without criticism. He completed primary and secondary school in Guyana, and started writing poetry. Any other significant information about the history of my people tended to start with, we were slaves. His ideas in fact help reshape or reconstruct the place African's hold in , suggesting that Africans have more influence than one might initially believe. Early America Revisited provides anthropological evidence about the physical presence of Africans in pre-Columbian America.