In the night, the sharks return. Throughout his life he has struggled and suffered and won but this was his final battle. At around ten o'clock, he sees the light of Havana and steers toward it. Santiago continues holding the line, although it has been cutting into his hand for some time. The lions are a significant metaphor for a true interior strength of the old man which remains as much great as many years ago, even though the time has passed. He also struggles to perform his job.
On this day he hooks the fish of a lifetime, a marlin that is larger than his skiff. Dead beside the skiff, the marlin is the largest Santiago has ever seen. Santiago refuses the boy, telling him to mind his parents and to stay with the successful boat. The Soviet Union had detonated an atomic bomb in late 1949. During the course of the meal, the boy realizes the squalor in which the old man lives and reminds himself to bring the old man a shirt, shoes, a jacket, and a blanket for the coming winter. He finally reels the marlin in and lashes it to his boat. Santiago holds the line strongly, pulling it in slowly as the marlin goes round.
He tried to get up. The story begins, as you might expect, with an old man. He uses his hands and he uses his instincts to master the art of being a fisherman. He realizes that he went out too far and that he made a mistake. Which can be debilitating when fishing is your livelihood. Santiago fails to bring the fish to his home, but he reaches his aim. He rests for a few hours, but is woken by the marlin jumping frantically.
Santiago acquiesces and Manolin leaves to fetch food and a shirt. In the company of writers like Ezra Pound, F. In the novel, Santiago is a master craftsman. He speaks to the fish and considers it a worthy opponent. He fought a tough battle and in the end, he was defeated. By putting these associations on the fish, Santiago elevates it to the status of a symbol.
Ultimately, Santiago's heroic struggle not only redeems himself but inspires and spiritually enriches those around him. Santiago lets go of the sheet to swing broadside and reveal the shark underneath. Given the previously mentioned analogy between Santiago's eyes and the sea, one suspects that his strangeness in this regard has something to do with his relationship to the sea. Manolin is Santiago's apprentice, but their relationship is not restricted to business alone. Nevertheless, the boy continues to care for the old man upon his return each night. Kennedy Presidential Library Summary The central character is an old Cuban fisherman named Santiago, who has not caught a fish for 84 days.
The United States, under the Truman administration, advanced a policy designed to contain Soviet expansionism; supported such international actions as the formation of the United Nations, the Truman Doctrine of 1947, and the Marshall Plan of 1948; and became embroiled in the Korean War. But none of these scars were fresh. He knows that he still has the ability and strength to be a good fisherman. He has to hold onto the line with all his might so that the marlin does not break free from the boat. Instead, he swims away, dragging the old man and his skiff along behind. Manolin idolizes Santiago but the object of this idolization is not only the once great though presently failed fisherman; it is an idolization of ideals.
When the fish is finally defeated, Santiago is exhausted and wounded the line having cut into his palms , but the hardest part of the experience is yet to come: he still has to bring the massive fish carcass back to shore. This means that he is not dependent on other people or on technology. Analysis and reception The Old Man and the Sea contains many of the themes that preoccupied Hemingway as a writer and as a man. In 1958, the novella became a movie starring Spencer Tracy. The boy, and the older fishermen, certainly. He tried to do more than he was capable of doing.
He does not kill the sharks, but damages them enough to prevent their return. The story of an aging, life-long fisherman attempting to find himself, and hopefully a fish, on a fishing trip in the gulf waters off Cuba. The book got the author the award of the Noble Prize for literature what made him recognized worldwide. Hemingway's style, then, helps explain why so many commentators view his novella more as a fable than as fiction. Sharks are drawn to the tethered marlin, and, although Santiago manages to kill a few, the sharks eat the fish, leaving behind only its skeleton. The bird rose up, circling again, and a tuna leaped out of the water.