The Democrats and Republicans struck a deal. A battle between the Senate and House of Representatives about whether the commission's decision was valid ensued. Hayes's withdrawal of troops from the South marked the end of Reconstruction. Hayes was awarded the White House over Democrat Samuel J. The Compromise was the 'Big Betrayal' to the 4 million freed slaves in the South by the Republicans.
Thus, when the Electoral Commission cast its votes, the decision on each disputed state went on an 8 to 7 vote in Hayes' favor, making the final electoral vote count 185 to 184 for Hayes. The candidates After the Civil War ended in 1865, the Republicans held a stranglehold on the , with Gen. A commission consisting of 15 congress men and a Supreme Court judge nullified the win two days prior to inauguration. But when it was revealed that Blaine had some involvement in a railroad scandal, Rutherford B. In the bargain, the Democrats gained a strong hold over the entire south. In some southern states, the outcome was uncertain.
Grant at the end of his second term, he was eager to run again in 1876. The Democrats threatened to filibuster, or hold up the decision, but in the end, the House voted to accept the Commission report and declare Hayes the winner. The Commission voted along straight party lines 8 to 7 to accept all of Hayes' electoral votes and reject the Democrat's claims. Hayes against Democrat Samuel Tilden. Library of Congress, Washington, D. However, when David Davis, the independent candidate refused to accept the nomination, the balance tilted towards the Republicans with Republican Joseph Bradley replacing Davis.
But first the terms in the Compromise of 1877 had to be agreed Compromise of 1877 for kids - Democratic Leaders accept the Republican Hayes The Compromise of 1877 was secretly hammered out in the months following the Presidential election of 1876, but before the inauguration in March 1877. Even if the procedure of the day empowered Congress to sort out the disputed votes, the Democratic House and the Republican Senate wouldn't have been able to reach a final agreement. Both parties claimed victory in all three Southern states and sent teams of observers and lawyers into all three in hopes of influencing the official canvass. Rather, the two parties in conflict came to certain mutually agreeable terms that they thought were in the best interest of their respective parties. The Compromise of 1877 was an unwritten agreement that was made between the Republicans and Democrats. In the end, the Southern Democrats decided to give the disputed electoral votes to Hayes under the certain conditions, which collectively became known as the Compromise of 1877.
Major Events in Election of 1876 Event Results Corruption U. But the electoral votes in the three southern states of Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina were disputed. Hayes and Democrat Samuel J. Hayes and most of his associates were ready to concede when a Republican leader, William E. At the Republican convention that year, the party put its hopes in the Ohio native Rutherford B. When the votes were counted, Tilden led Hayes by one vote in the Electoral College. Thus, blacks called the deal the ultimate betrayal or a corruptbargain.
But, like Grant, and many of the other Republicans associated with his administration, scandal tainted Blaine as well. Continued to share in America's growing wealth and power. Democrats agreed to allow Hayes to take the presidency, but they demanded several concessions. The season degenerated into the opposing sides launching vicious personal attacks on the opposition candidate. The disputed election On election day Tilden led Hayes by more than 260,000 votes and appeared on the verge of winning an electoral college majority, having swept much of the South; he also won the border states and several states in the northeast, including his home state of New York, , , Maryland, and. Accordingly, within two months of becoming president, Hayes ordered federal troops in Louisiana and South Carolina to return to their bases. The night before President Grant's term expired, the Senate announced Hayes had been elected President.
Eventually, with the withdrawal of Bristow, Conkling, and Morton in favour of Hayes, Hayes secured the nomination on the seventh ballot, and , a senator from New York, was selected as his running mate. Congress settled the dispute, allowing Hayes to become president if some key concessions were made, of which the most crucial was the removal of all federal troops from Southern states for the first time since the conclusion of the U. Hayes was the Republican candidate and Samuel J. United States presidential election of 1876, disputed American presidential election held on November 7, 1876, in which defeated. With little of substance to focus on, each camp turned to mudslinging. Chandler, observed that if Hayes were awarded every one of the doubtful votes, he would defeat Tilden 185—184. The election of 1876 became notorious not so much for its tactics, but for the conflicted resolution that followed an apparent victory.
The Compromise of 1877 resolved the tumult that had arisen following the 1876 presidential election. Blaine of Maine emerged as the frontrunner of Grant's Republican Party. In the election, results showed Samuel Tilden and Rutherford B. In other Southern states there were continued outrages on the ex-slaves. True to a compromise, both sides won a bit:. What made the Compromise of 1877 unique was that it took place after the Civil War and was thus an attempt to prevent a second outbreak of violence. To determine the outcome, Congress formed the Electoral Commission, which was supposed to consist of seven Republicans, seven Democrats, and one Independent.
Through it, Republican Rutherford B. It tested the Constitution and resulted in a compromise that ended Reconstruction in America. Hayes continued his presidency by overseeing the appropriation of federal funds for internal improvements in the South. Background to the Compromise of 1877 for kids - The Presidential Election of 1876 The Republican candidate was Rutherford B. It also called for measures tofinancially restore the south incurred after they lost the civilwar. But the Republicans accused the Democrats of vote fraud, saying they intimidated African-American voters in three Southern states, Florida, Louisiana and South Carolina, and prevented them from voting, thus fraudulently handing the election to Tilden.
Hayes separated by 20 disputed electoral votes from Southern states. Electoral Commission The Electoral Commission in session, Washington, D. The Compromise of 1877 called for the removal of all Federal troopsfrom former Confederate states. In February of 1877, prominent Ohio Republicans and powerful southern Democrats struck a bargain. The first returns indicated a victory for Tilden, who had won the popular vote with 4,284,020 votes to Hayes' 4,036,572.