Lewis What is social Stratification? Describe the causes of social stratification in the Caribbean countries Essay Question: Describe the causes of social stratification in the Caribbean countries. Candidates were required to choose one question from this Section. All in all, it can be seen that social stratification is a key factor but over time the criteria has changed from race and colour, now to wealth and power through education as the main vehicle for social mobility. In the hunting and gathering societies there was little stratification: men hunted for meat while women gathered edible plants. An emphasis on fragile cities offers. Also the houses for slaves were only important for sleeping and food was rationed out to slaves, this was so cause the feeding of slaves took labour and land away from sugar production.
They should get back to that essence of belonging. The stratification and the willingness to be accepted saw an explosion in bleaching cream. They constitute the public servants and unskilled workers in the society. Atlantic slave trade, Caribbean, Cuba 1187 Words 4 Pages theorizing the Caribbean? Therefore as far as downward social mobility goes, economic rising unemployment is major contributors to the growth of the lower social classes. An individual is given to understand that he can achieve any status.
Similarly, to appear in a competitive examination of I. Although some blacks were at the top or in the upper class, there were still some discrimination in banks and other jobs. This new job shows that their status has been lowered as well as his position in the hierarchy. Hence, he is placed lower in the social ladder. It is not advantageous to sit on the cyber crime committee, but cannot save a document in Microsoft Word. Groups who are similar with respect to ethnicity, race, education and status are more likely to intermarry and associate with themselves than with other groups.
If he is caught for accepting bribe or has committed a sin or has done something wrong, he may be sentenced to jail or members of his caste may outcaste him and as a criminal or as an outcaste he may occupy a lower position vis-a-vis position he was occupying earlier. Social stratification can be class under the system of Plantation System and Social Mobility. However, the senator also argued that families should consider only two children as a part of an economic growth plan. Furthermore although the blacks greatly outnumbered the whites they made the large base social pyramid. He will have to resign from his clubs and all positions he holds.
Heredity does not guarantee that the son of a capable and wise father will be equally capable and wise. They are divided into what is called layers. Caribbean Theories of Stratification Plantation Society — This theory of Caribbean society, though based on the original plantation model of, can be applied. The individuals move from one place to another in search of jobs which may be of same prestige. A society that does not give talented people from the lower strata an opportunity to advance into positions of leadership will not fare well for long.
Hence his position improves in the hierarchical order. While explaining horizontal mobility we are mainly referring to movement of individuals from one position to another of more or less equal prestige. Persons are motivated according to a complex variety of factors to work toward new roles, with their higher status and greater rewards. Montero, Telecenters for Socioeconomic and Rural Development in Latin America and the Caribbean, 5, 6, 11, May 2001, archived at www. Since the Caribbean is considered.
Lipset and Zetterberg are of the opinion that this type of mobility is due to interchange of ranks i. Many factors have impacted the social and psychological development of Caribbean people during the last thirty years. Many followers of the conflict theory where social stratification is concerned argue that stratification occurs through the struggle for scarce resources. The upper class consisted of white plantation owners, the middle class was educated brown-skinned mulattoes and had some entrepreneurial power, while the lower class was made of black slaves. Occupational mobility, in short, stands for change of occupation of lower prestige to higher and vice-versa. However, this mobility may be upward or downward e. The introduction of this new crop.
These inequalities are transient depending on the social actor. These regions were once the envy of colonial powers. Further, change is value free i. Politicisation: With education and greater exposure to mass media of communication as well as greater contacts have made people aware about their rights. Meaning of Social Mobility : Mobility stands for shift, change and movement. They held no political power, no wealth, and no citizenship and were denied to actively and openly participate in their own cultural traditions.
A child born in the projects who goes to college and lands a high-paying job would be an example of intragenerational social mobility. Technically, peasantry is a combination of the cultivation of a variety of goods and the raising of a variety of animals on fairly small pieces of property without the aid of hired labour and largely for subsistence purposes. Several European countries created empires in the Caribbean, in all parts of America and in Africa. In this way he moves up and occupies a higher social position than the one with which he had started his career. This ranking indicates that some groups have more and some have less of what society values, including wealth, status and prestige.