Lawyers used to pay commissions to touts to get cases. Some public buildings were burnt. He could not muster courage to speak in public. They were simple and sturdy people with strong racial prejudices. He also lived in a communal space with untouchables, a choice which many of his financial supporters resented, because they believed that the very presence of untouchables defiled higher-caste Indians. In his search for vegetarian restaurants, Gandhi found and joined the London Vegetarian Society. Swaraj meant self-rule by all.
Uttamchand's house was once surrounded and shelled by the State troops. He fought for freedom of our country, by means of non-violence and truth. The Congress was now acquiring a mass character. He did not flinch from taking risks and did not mind confessing mistakes. He obtained the degree of Barrister-at-Law and started practising law in South Africa. Thus, while the masses rose to great heights of heroism, they also displayed remarkable restraint. The life of young Mohandas centered on his mother, who taught him about the Hindu doctrine of ahisma, which is the refusal to do harm and the duty to do good.
Gandhi first employed civil disobedience while an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, during the resident Indian community's struggle there for civil rights. For him, removal of fear was most important. Mahatma in the Midst of World Turmoil Gandhi was in England when World War I started and he immediately began organizing a medical corps similar to the force he had led in the Boer War, but he also faced health problems that caused him to return to India, where he met the applauding crowds with enthusiasm once again. He was the youngest child of his parents, Karamchand and Putlibai. Nowadays about all academic exam are asked short essay on Mahatma Gandhi.
Several temples were thrown open to the Harijans. It tested the people's patience. It was meant to terrorise, kill, convert or drive away the Hindus from Muslim-majority areas so that Pakistan could become a reality. Even worse, the unity between Muslims and Hindu, which Gandhi advocated so passionately, had already begun to fall apart to the point where the threat of violence loomed large over many communities with mixed population. It was a society divided in different classes, castes and races, in people with different languages, religions and cultures. In March 1922, Gandhi was jailed for sedition and after a trial was sentenced to six years in prison.
When Gandhi boarded the first train of his journey at the Pietermartizburg station, railroad officials told Gandhi that he needed to transfer to the third-class passenger car. He did not cover the period after that as it was well known to the people and most of the concerned persons were alive. Returning to India in 1915, he set about organising peasants to protest excessive land-taxes. Attention was paid to constructive work like sanitation, education and primary health-care. Indian leaders had not been consulted.
Gandhi belonged to the Modh Bania community. Then, when a friend gave him the book, Unto This Last by , Gandhi became excited about the ideals proffered by Ruskin. He awakened and aroused a nation from semi-consciousness. He continuously tried to remove impurities in himself. They were treated like dirt and constantly humiliated. On the 5th February, a mob including Congressmen set fire to a police station at Chauri Chaura in U.
This Autobiography is divided in five parts starting from his childhood days, his experience in South Africa where he experimented with the powerful weapon of Satyagraha and his transformation from Mohan to Mahatma, his various experiments on fundamental principles of Truth and God, till the year 1921, after which his life was so public that he felt there was hardly anything to write about. A new weapon of Satyagraha was in his hands. Salt was a spice that was used in everyday cooking, even for the poorest in India. He began searching vegetarian restaurants and found one ultimately. Later he went to British colony of South Africa to practice his law where he got differentiated from the light skin people because of being a dark skin person. The original was in Gujarati, and was later translated into English and other Indian languages.
At Peshawar, soldiers of Garhwali regiment refused to fire on the unarmed people. It consisted mainly of indentured labourers and traders. The country witnessed a wave of communal riots. Gandhi's body was taken to Birla House. Some even returned to their original faith. He called the untouchables harijan. It also gave rise to a strong Gandhian Labour Union.
It is a tool which spreads hatred, fear and anger. In such a situation, Gandhi thought it fit to suspend the Civil Disobedience Campaign. Gandhi raised an ambulance corps of 1100 persons. With the help of these weapons, he forced British Government to leave India. The fight continued in spite of the repression. He was blamed by the British for the disturbances. Gandhi now could return to India where a great work awaited him.