Physiography of jammu and kashmir. Natural Vegetation of Jammu and Kashmir 2019-01-14

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Geography of Kashmir

physiography of jammu and kashmir

Apple orchards are in abundance here. The Government thus formed, by the-elected representatives of the people functions with the Opposition in the Legislature. This extraordinary phenomenon set him thinking and he decided to build a city at this site so that the strong and the weak could live together in peace and mutual tolerance. Some famous temples located here are Raghunath Temple, Bave Wali Mata, Ranbireshwar Temple and Panchbakhtar Temple just to name a few. A ceasefire line of demarcation gave 79788 Sq. The timely occurrence of the rainfall in winter season is highly beneficial for the Rabi crops. In an essentially mountainous state like Jammu and Kashmir, there are micro-level variations in climatic factors.

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Geography of Jammu and Kashmir

physiography of jammu and kashmir

Fighting has occasionally broken out between the two sides, notably in 1965. The area of the twon is 5. In addition to supplying pasture for the livestock, the mountains also are a source of many kinds of timber, a portion of which is exported. Area 39,146 square miles 101,387 square km. The only outlet for the rivers is the Baramulla-gorge, where the placid Jhelum River leaves the smooth grassy banks and hurries headlong down its rock course to the great plains of the south. The pressure of population on land is apparent everywhere, and all available resources are utilized.

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Mountains and their Passes in Jammu and Kashmir

physiography of jammu and kashmir

In September, rainfall declines, and by October conditions are hot but extremely dry, with minimal rainfall and temperatures of around 29 °C 84 °F. The chinar boin is a royal tree in Kashmir and much appreciated as a shade tree. The northern slopes of Pir Panjal have the dominance of deodar, blue-pine with undergrowth of deciduous shrubs, while the Jhelum Forest Division stretching over Gulmarg and Lo­lab Valley is dominated by cedar, fir and spruce species of conifers. The State of Jammu and Kashmir, therefore, suffered serious splitting in area and population. Silk cocoons are, therefore, grown in abundance in the valley of Kashmir Two silk factories, one in Jammu and the other in Srinagar, manufacture silkyarn from these cocoons. Thus, in the rainy season the entire study area is engulfed by the monsoon winds, very high humidity with very high temperatures. This is a famous holy Cave where thousands of pilgrims visited every year on Raksha bandan.

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Geography of Jammu and Kashmir State

physiography of jammu and kashmir

Work proceeded slowly, but by the early 21st century the segments had been completed between Jammu and Udhampur and from Baramula to just south of the southern limit of the vale , southeast of Srinagar. The administrative capitals are in summer and in winter. The use of landlines there steadily dropped, while that for mobile devices grew dramatically to completely dwarf the older technology in numbers of subscribers. The Chinese regions of Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram are also included in Kashmir. Physical features of a region largely influence the climate, soils, vegetation and lifestyle the people. Climate acts in conjunction with other factors to limits of plant growth. Teetwal is situated on the left bank of the river Kishanganga.

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Jammu and Kashmir Map

physiography of jammu and kashmir

The pod Nafa of Musk-deer contains a soft, brownish matter which is the much coveted Mush, about 20 grams in weight and the price rules high. The district of Kargil 0. Sheeshnag Mountain also spreads in this valley. The Tawi River passes through narrow valleys and ultimately debouches into a wide alluvial plain in and around the Jammu city. Chandanwari is situated at a distance of l9 Kms. The vegeta­tion of the state has however, undergone drastic change.


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Natural Vegetation of Jammu and Kashmir

physiography of jammu and kashmir

Of these the earthquake of 1885 was the most devastating. India controls the largest portion of land at 39,127 square miles 101,338 sq km while Pakistan controls an area of 33,145 square miles 85,846 sq km and China 14,500 square miles 37,555 sq km. Temperate Forests : Moving northwards as the latitude and altitude increase the place of the sub­tropical forest is taken by temperate vegetation. The climate varies from alpine in the northeast to subtropical in the southwest. Ruled By Mugal, Afghans and Sikh 4.


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Where Is Kashmir? And Other Geographic Facts

physiography of jammu and kashmir

For hundreds of million years Kashmir Valley remained under Tethya sea and the high sedimentary-rock hills seen in the valley now were once under water. It lies in the narrow gorge of the Jhelum. The advent of mobile telephony, however, transformed telecommunications in the state. In Zanskar, the average January temperature is -20 °C -4 °F with extremes as low as -40 °C -40 °F. Anantnag is 45 Kms from Srinagar towards Banihal. They extend west from Arunachal Pradesh through Bhutan to Sikkim, and further westward through Nepal and Uttarkhand, continuing into Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir.

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GEOGRAPHICAL DIVISION OF JAMMU AND KASHMIR

physiography of jammu and kashmir

It has many valleys such as the Kashmir Valley, Tawi Valley, Chenab Valley, Punch Valley, Sind Valley and Lidder Valley. The graph shows that the highest mean maximum Temperature is found in the month of May i. In the dun regions and lower valleys of the foothills, where alluvial soils and the availability of water for irrigation make agriculture possible, the population is sustained by crops of wheat and barley, which are gathered in the spring rabi harvest, and of rice and corn maize , gathered in the late summer kharif harvest; livestock also are raised. The district of Poonch lost 52% of its area to Pakistan. The High Court consists of a chief and 11 other judges, who are appointed by the president of India.

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Geography of Jammu and Kashmir State

physiography of jammu and kashmir

Languages Urdu, Hindi, Punjabi, Dogri, Kashmiri, Balti, Ladakhi, Purig, Gurji, Dadri Size 222,236 sq. The Tawi originates from the base of snow field above Bhaderwah in the middle Himalayas, at an altitude of 4220 meters. The women also wear a long flowing tunic and trousers. The districts were further sub-divided into tehsils so that more attention could be given to the development of agriculture, cottage industries and trade. Because of its closeness to the , Srinagar receives as much as 25 inches 635 millimetres of rain from this source, with the wettest months being March to May with around 85 millimetres 3. The undulating slope, adjacent to the plains upto an elevation of 300 m between Ravi and Chenab rivers are locally known as Kandi. Literacy rates are comparable to the national average, but female literacy is considerably lower than that for males.

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Agriculture of Jammu and Kashmir

physiography of jammu and kashmir

In general, it has an east-west extension. Consequently, the people risk a good deal to secure it. Chir start appearing in the middle altitudinal zonation mixed with shrubs and broad leaved species and proceeds to dominate the vegetation towards the upper zone. Alpine Pastures : In the state of Jammu and Kashmir the vegetation, especially grasses belong­ing to the higher regions of mountain system is known as Margs or alpine pastures. The land is very fertile and cultivation is plenty. There are many camping grounds in this area for the visitors to stay during summer.


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