The one-child policy has caused many more issues than it has solved. On the other side of the issue, advocates of the issue argue that the one-child policy has greatly reduced China's p. Excerpt from Research Paper : China's One Child Policy Historically, it is noted that Mao Zedong, once a China president encouraged growth which saw the population of China almost double during that period of his leadership. This disdain has led to other fat reaching actions like abortion upon knowing the sex of the infant, neglect after birth, abandonment of newborn baby girls and even infanticides have been noted to occur among the female infants Gendercide Watch, 2000. Lastly, due to the gender imbalance, there are so many men out there leaving the women with so many choices they have become finicky when choosing a partner. Because of a lack of adequate pension coverage and poorly funded social security, around 70% of the elderly in China are still cared for by family members. The is implemented by local units of the W.
One of the heavily populated southern provinces imposes much stiffer fines, as much as six times the annual income of the offending parents. By David Goheen Due: December 14, 2007 Executive Summary During the years before the implementation of the One Child Policy, the leaders of China were involved in wars, a great leap forward, and an industrial revolution. Although it is arguably true that these single-children can make their own guanxi outside of family, the single-children will not be able to share their social capital to each other with their siblings Webster 2007. There are positive and negative results to having such a policy. In fact, it was illogical for China to keep high birth rates that tend to be an enormous overhead.
This is particularly interesting because in 1985 Susan Greenhalgh and John Bongaarts, as well as Wang Feng in 2006 proposed an alternative to the One Child Policy as the two child policy. The One Child Impact In China, the culture prefers men over women. With the introduction of ultrasound technology, sex selected abortions were able to be performed. Littlejohn believes that the forced sterilizations and abortions should be prosecuted by the Hague as crimes against humanity. This would create a larger family support system to care for the elderly and divert costs with more family members. The Chinese government estimated that it has three to four hundred million less people because of the policy and that it has prevented overpopulation, epidemics, slums, and strain on the ecosystem, but there are still controversial issues involving the one child policy.
Female infants and fetuses have suffered atrocities since the Policy was implemented. Many countries have attempted to battle this issue, but none as intensely as China. This led to overpopulation and the stretching of the social amenities and most importantly the economy. Figure 3: Projected population chart for China in the year 2050, showing the rate at which the country is aging as well as the disproportionate number of males to females. Chinas One Child Policy Table of Contents What is Chinas One Child Policy? McElroy and Dennis, 2000, p389-92 Although improving these sectors of society may be more of an arduous task, it must be done to attain a balance of population development. This shows how greatly the policy has affected Chinese and become a part of their daily life.
In conclusion, the one-child policy has lead to many more problems than solutions when it was implemented in 1980. Failure to comply with these terms result in seriously devastating consequences including more fines, confiscation of belongings, dismissal from work, and eviction from home. The number one reason why China was so desperate for a solution was cause of the lack of resources. Mini Reaction Article Summary Although China is fast emerging as a new Superpower country in the world, the reality of their situation as a nationis that their policies have not had a chance to catch up with their international status as a country. This was widely experienced widely in 20077 in the southwestern Guangxi Autonomous Region of China, where the supervising officials or the population control officials may have been killed.
Each family is visited individually by members of the local family planning committee. Short and Zhai, 1998, p373-88 In fact, with the additional requirement of a delay in childbearing, a successful stop-at-two policy can be as effective in curbing population growth as a successful one child policy Poston, 2002, p333-47. One-Family, One-Child Research Papers One-Family, One-Child policy in China launched in 1979 has turned reproduction into an area of direct state intervention. Today the population is about 1. When abortion is not available to parents, some parents resort to infanticide of their daughters.
The three exceptions to the policy are: Minority ethnic groups, urban single-child residents, and the policy only enforced on the Han Chinese. The law however, poses problems to the citizens in the country Fong and Vanessa 6. Our starting prices are as shown below! The One Child Policy proved to be successful in reducing population size. In China, the governments ' the one-child policy requires every couple to have only one child. Because, of this over population it maintained fears of their food, resources, and living spaces International Data Base. In light of all the evidence presented in this paper, it is clearly time to put an end to this devastating policy. There is over one billion Chinese people which is 19 percent of the world's population and the population still keeps growing.
They understood that what they were doing was going to be far fetched for the public to accept and for the government to enforce. The One Child Impact In China, the culture prefers men over women. Poston, 2002, p333-47 Some still believe that relaxing the strict policies now, will jeopardize the progress made and keeping the population below 1. Son preference rooted in Chinese agriculture-based economy and historical feudalism, in consistence with the reliance on laborers and continuing the family line. China is ending the One Child Policy in last month and is taking other solutions into consideration as well. While some schools of economics happen to be utterly optimistic regarding this issue, others happen to be cynically pessimistic. With the evidence that more couples would opt for a smaller family, though, it is encouraging that the need for coercion at a local level is diminishing.
Many are resorting to other Asian nations to find wives, and unfortunately some of this is through illegal trafficking for commercial sex workers or brides from Vietnam and North Korea. For one the policy has produced an aging country with young people a rarity. These stories, along with the recent November confusion whether or not the policy will be changing, suggest that when shifts do occur, the government must be more clear about the changes being implemented. These minute changes, with a small culture family mindset, have eased the passage for the government to gradually relax the one child policy. There is no doubt that all countries should work together to keep the overall population under control, but China certainly seems to have the major responsibility. This would help lower fertility rate and could bring some people out of poverty.
It was met with harsh opposition, from Chinese citizens as well as from other countries. They can also lose their jobs and create a bad name for their family. California: University of California Press. The low birth rate worked for the economy of China at first, but as at now, the economists are projecting that this may work against the country in the nest five years or so, since the labor supply is now leveling off and is expected to start shrinking in the next five years with the population of the dependent elderly increasing each day. Is it fair for them to kill your unborn children? Considering how strong and powerful the Chinese economy is, it is hard not to wonder if the One Child Policy had anything to do with it. Under the most recent changes, couples are allowed to have two children if only one of them comes from an only-child household.