As a special branch of science, it is in the nascent state. Stuart: social structure in rural society, p. He explains rural institutions as they are. Includes coverage of parametric and non-parametric methods. In this way of working together the villagers maintain sense of cooperation among themselves.
Gesellschaft is typically associated with modern industry, where people are employees who perform specific, goal-oriented functions in a rational and efficient, as opposed to a traditional and organic, manner. It is not possible to verify and test the theory and the principles of Rural Sociology like science. This gave rise to many social issues and urban sociologists were needed to study them. Rural social problems are increasing day-by-day. Although this process continues, service industries have emerged as the major source of employment growth Brown et al. Thus, the state is called into question for its poor performance in developing and implementing adequate public policies, a failure that is alleged to benefit the interests of the wealthy and powerful classes of society Summers 1991. Scope of Rural Sociology……… Rural Sociology is comparatively a new branch of Sociology which is of recent origin.
Rural labor market analysis has emerged as a new research area in rural sociology as a consequence Summers et al. To some extent, the empirical method, i. The nature of rural sociology as a science can determine on the basis of following facts: 1. Urban Sociology mainly focuses on demographic patterns, change of , economics, poverty, racial issues, etc. At that time, American President Roosevelt emphasized on the study of rural sociology and rural social problem.
It is believed that rural sociology employs the scientific method. Graduate faculty membership is a prerequisite for Doctoral faculty membership. Social research: Another important method of rural study is social research. The function of science is based upon a faith in causality. But the whole controversy centres round some problems which denies the rural sociology the status of a science.
About 80% of Indian population lives in villages. The status of researcher in empirical investigation has been debatable in sociology and social anthropology right from the 18th century. Importance and Significance of Rural Sociology: After Independence it is very much necessary for our country to have a systematic study of the rural social organization, its structure, function and evolution. Preservationist-Critically Oriented Research By the 1960s there was a strong and growing disillusionment with the societal consequences of positivistic social science and the absence of a structuralist perspective Newby and Buttel 1980. New York: Cambridge University Press. We noted earlier that, from the beginnings of rural sociology around the turn of the twentieth century, agriculture was one of its most central subject matters. By and large, sociology is a science.
Whether rural sociology deals with only village community or includes urban communities. It provides us that knowledge about the rural social phenomena. The sociologists study religion, family, marriage, economic system etc. Rural sociology studies the relations of the people who live in the villages. Some sociologists have come to view Sociology in terms of natural sciences. What goes on in sociology about objectivity is that there should be a healthy negotiation between the subjective consciousness and the objective reality. Choose the design that fits your site.
Broadly speaking, it deals with the systematic study of Rural Society, its institutions, activities interactions, social change etc. Thirdly scientific principles are universal. Firstly, science employs the scientific method. Unique nature of transformation of Indian society. Definition of Rural and Urban Sociology Rural Sociology: Rural Sociology studies about the societal aspects of rural areas. The manner in which rural sociologists have conceptualized the processes and the significance of social-structural changes in agriculture has involved not only debate between the two overarching theoretical positions that have long characterized rural sociology, but also political and ideological positions on agriculture in society at large. It acts as an informal means of social control.
As sun is the centre of solar system, in Rural Sociology, Rural Society is the centre. Rural sociology is scientific and systematic in character. A comparative study of communities in different nations and in urban and rural areas. The role of rural sociology in understanding the solving of rural problems is well emphasised by all. At a later stage, it was realised that sociology could not be like any natural sciences because of its subject matter.
The analysis of structure, change and evolution are undertaken to understand the real nature of rural problems. Accumulated Facts: Science grows on the data accumulated from the field. Besides, the adoption of new agricultural technology among the farming centers, modernisation of old farming methods, creation of open markets and providing agricultural training to the farmers are the important areas of the study or Rural Society. It also studies the homogenous rigid and conservative nature of hither to existing customs, traditions, folkways, mores, norms, values and so on in rural community. While these two traditions differed in their views of what it was about agriculture that was most worthy of study, both were modernizationist perspectives that tended to see the decline of family farming and restructuring of agriculture as being natural components of rural and overall social development. Thus, the practice of American rural sociology has been part of an explicit social policy of transforming rural society Newby 1980.