The latent capacity of the poor for entrepreneurship would be significantly enhanced through the provision of microfinance services to enable them engage in economic activities and be more self-reliant, increase employment opportunities, enhanced household income,create wealth etc. They therefore find it difficult to understand the payment of interest on bank loans. Such programs are often focused on financing small businesses that cannot get the necessary growth and development without them. Frauds and forgeries by both insiders and outsiders to the banks are rife and people generally obtain loans with no intention to repay. The bank is one of the largest in its region serving more than 80,000 customers. Furthermore, it scans the business environment to assess the prospects of microfinance banks in Nigeria.
They were selected through convenient sampling procedure. This is proven in the evidence that shows the fact that the male gender constituted 40% while females made up 60% of the sample size. They also engage in inordinate competition with the commercial banks. The paper assessed the effects of microfinance banks on the rural development of Adamawa State. It is unfortunate that a country….
Lets take a deeper look at what's going wrong and why Lagos has low per-capita access to finance. In addition to these, the banks are further inhibited by corruption, frauds and forgeries and poor corporate governance. It comes into existence in 2010 and was licensed in 2012. The survey research design was used for the study. Microfinance Banks in Nigeria As already noted microfinance banks were founded because of the perceived deficiencies in the existing financing schemes for the poor and small businesses. Banglaadesh Centre for Social Development, Washington University. Despite this plethora of challenges, the study identified several areas where opportunities exist for these banks.
Microfinance banks in Nigeria help to provide stable economic growth using different types of financial support programs. Unlike the community banking policy framework which compulsorily confined all community banks to unit banking, the microfinance banking guideline permitted the branching of microfinance banks within a state. Particularly, they should be made to realize that these banks are not mini commercial banks and that microfinance banks pursue social motives in addition to financial sustainability. On the other hand, the Central Bank of Nigeria has constantly assured the public that it will not allow any commercial bank to fail;this, places the microfinance banks at a great disadvantage by tilting public confidence in favour of commercial banks that are normally bigger and stronger. This study examined the impact of microfinance credit acquisition on poverty status of household farmers in southwestern Nigeria.
Nevertheless, a lot of commercial banks are no willing to finance small businesses because of the risks and uncertainties involved. In the northern part of the country, the issue of frowning at interest on loans takes a religious dimension. Many of the customers of these banks have refrained from dealing with them in fearing the same fate would befall them. However, the use of conventional microfinance institutions do not solve the problems, particularly because of the high interest rate Anyanwu, 2004;Weiss and Montgomery, 2004;Parveen, 2009. Microfinance banks are therefore mostly favourable for small and medium scale entrepreneurs who are able to access loans from the bank to grow their business and then pay back over an agreed period.
Most microfinance however only have few branches and operates within an area such as a state, Local Government Area while there are some that have just a branch. Thus establishing the fact that micro-financing is a powerful tool for poverty alleviation. The study utilized both primary and secondary data. But in Nigeria, not everyone is financially included, meaning not everyone has access to finance. Proceedings of the 20 years Anniversary of the Agricultural Credit Guarantee Scheme in Nigeria 1978 — 1998. In the past, the total number of financial access points by Commercial Banks in Lagos are 1,504. Other human resource problems faced by microfinance banks include lack of training opportunities and poor conditions of service.
With a low interest rate of 3%, Government is already positioning itself as a Messiah of the poor. It is noteworthy to state that both financial and non-financial services provided by microfinance banks and institutions have greatly assisted small businesses in Nigeria and have enhanced the distribution of business skills and the sharing of innovative ideas. This study advocates the recapitalization of microfinance banks to enhance their capacity to support small business growth and expansion and also to bring to the knowledge of the management of microfinance banks and institutions the impact of the use of collaterals as a condition for granting credit to small businesses. To this end a single questionnaire and two interview schedules were developed as instruments for gathering the required data. Reviving an economy would require putting the scarce resource to the optimal use. Furthermore, the review of the deposit insurance limit from one hundred thousand N100, 000. Like many new ideas, it is undergoing a challenging and trying period.
There is need for microfinance banks especially those operating in the Northern part of the country to be proactive in product development. The paper shows that microfinance banking in Nigeria faces enormous challenges in infrastructural inadequacies, social misconception, poor legal and regulatory framework, unbridled competition from other financial institutions,abandonment of core microfinance function and paucity of qualified manpower. It could be seen that because of the high level of poverty in the country, loans are diverted into solving problem of feeding. Sharma 1998 Rural Finance and Poverty Alleviation. To contact their head office, visit 305 Herbert Macaulay Road Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria. This is not to undermine the potential of these projects but the clients do not pay properly because they consider Government is always a soft lender. Addoser Microfinance Bank Addoser is another financial institution that merits a place on our list.