For management to do this efficiently, it has to be very practical and ample. In the following pages, an attempt has been made to describe the above five main functions. As experts began studying and theorizing the essence of management, different ideas and concepts regarding the functions were born. The method requires watching and monitoring the performance, but also supporting and guiding the employees when things are not going as planned. Oftently, managers are reluctant to plan because it is seen as in important, time consuming, costly and tedious mental process.
For theoretical purposes, it may be convenient to separate the function of management but practically these functions are overlapping in nature i. Overall, the quick outlook would hopefully have highlighted the alignment of the functions of management in different management theories. An efficient system of control helps to predict deviations before they actually occur. Because the control process also includes setting performance standards for employees and continuously evaluating their job performances, Melissa will speak with each of her sales reps individually to review their performances. He has grouped the elements into five managerial functions — planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating, and controlling. For improved efficiency and better results, short-range plans should be properly coordinated with long-range plans.
It is selecting and relating of facts and making and using of assumptions regarding the future in the visualization and formation of proposed activities believed necessary to achieve the desired results. The idea of guiding and supervising is to give a specific direction to the various activities in the office with a view to its proper functioning. You would essentially be looking at the tasks ahead of you and determining who should do what and if you have the right manpower to achieve the objectives you want. Controlling: Controlling is a function of checking current performance against pre-determined standards contained in the plans, with a view to ensuring adequate progress and satisfactory performance—physical or financial. Control is thus closely related to the planning aspect of the job of a manager. If you find the price reductions being inefficient during the process, you might consider swapping the products on sale, reduce the reduction, or abort the discount campaign altogether as inefficient.
This could only be possible with the help of motivated personally who, if satisfactorily and effectively motivated, would pull their respective weigh in right direction and gave their loyalty to the enterprise wholeheartedly. Designating the head of each group of department, 4. Human skills emerge in the workplace as a spirit of trust, enthusiasm, and genuine involvement in interpersonal relationships. Staffing is the task of evaluating, recruiting, selecting, training, and placing appropriate individuals into defined job roles. This might include things like creating a new advertisement campaign, reducing prices or speaking to customers about their shopping plans. Leadership is especially crucial because a plan without someone or something to implement it is basically worthless. Listing all necessary activities to achieve the goal, 2.
This could end up guaranteeing you meet the sales target at the end of the month. Directing in essence is looking after productivity and ensuring productivity is going up instead of decreasing. Stages in the managerial control process. Your objective is to identify the different roles, processes, and activities required to achieve the objectives. You look at the objectives and the plan you have set, creating a set of measurements that would tell you are on the right path. For example, in a large corporation, the following phases would be carried out in the corporate offices, in each division, in each department, in each group, etc. While certain theorists and experts might disagree whether there are three, four, five or six functions, the consensus agrees on the detailed representations of the above skills, processes and structures.
These forces are also combined and modified by leader's influence. The manager first needs to decide which steps are necessary to accomplish that goal. To bring unity in through and action, and 7. It requires the efficient use of resources combined with the guidance of people in order to reach a specific organizational objective. Plan First and foremost, management must create and stick to a plan. A manager in a large organization often works with the company's human resources department to accomplish this goal. Leading is influencing or prompting the member of the organization to work together with the interest of the organization.
To establish a good communication it is essential to follow these three principles: a The principles of clarity b The principles of integrity c The principles of strategic use of informal organisation. Poor coordination is attributed to failure in performance of all the above-listed management functions. By studying the above, you have hopefully identified the areas you need to develop and gain more knowledge. If the scope of the plan is very small, tasks and activities are often essentially the same. Managers use metrics to assess actual performance against goals and to institute specific consequences or actions based on progress. You essentially need to set standards, which guarantee you know exactly what you want to achieve and what counts as success or failure.
Controlling is a pervasive function, 5. On the other hand, you might notice the team is producing more shoes than you expected, which could help you revise your objectives. The managerial control process is composed of several stages. Was the success down to the product? Staffing is related to organizing and it involves filling and keeping filled, the positions in the organization structure. There will be times that long-term planning must take the back seat when short-term planning becomes a necessity or an emergency.
Motivation is the work of a manager to inspire, encourage and impel people to work willingly for achieving the desired goal. Management can also recognize any further developing problems that need corrective actions. They should straightforwardly speak to the employee or department having problem. Key stakeholders employees, management, board members, founders, investor, customers, clients, etc. Offset the changes and uncertainty 2. The is to create an environment for best human performance.