These leaders also held significant differences of opinions regarding the social oppression practiced under the corrupt caste system. Discriminating against anyone because of their caste for things like club memberships and so on is against the law. Caste system actually helped Hinduism to maintain its integrity and inner strength during this turbulent period. Their dominance or suppression cause people to act and behave differently and make them fit for certain types of occupations. Rules of Endogamy and Exogamy b.
Modern vaishyas are primarily traders and entrepreneurs. . These tribes spoke different languages, did not show any respect for the Vedic gods and sacrifices and would have probably shown the same contempt towards the Vedic people for their racial snobbery. The system of varna insisted that the law of social life should not be cold and cruel competition, but harmony and co-operation. It is time we consign the ancient law books such as Manusmriti to the dustbins of history and move forward to establish an egalitarian society based upon firm ethical and spiritual foundation upon which Hinduism can brace itself to meet the challenges of the coming times and appeal to the inquisitive and advanced minds of the future generations. The culture of each and every caste varies, although they all belong to one same religion.
But the government has legislation to make up for the past suppression and oppression of the lower castes. The caste system has evidently been more flexible, in terms of appropriate work for Brahmins, than one might expect. When wanted to go to England to study law, he had to ask his subcaste, the Modh Bania, for permission to leave India. This is no more than a rationalization: the varn. Each religion has been sub-divided into different castes and these castes are again segregated into sub-castes. They might find a job on a farm or a non-skilled job in a home or business like cleaning. Many of the great visionaries in modern India were not brahmins by birth but can be regarded as brahmins by their life-styles and teachings: Mahätmä Gändhi, Swämi Vivekänada, Sri Aurobindo, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Swämi Chinmayänanda etc.
The beings created by him were only divided into varnas according to their aptitude. At the subhuman level the passage is almost automatic up the chain of being. Any decision they made, however, could be overruled by a member of the Brahmin, the caste above them. The Nandas who ruled a vast empire with Pataliputra as their capital at the time of the birth of , belonged to a low caste of barbers. If entrepreneurial producers Vaisas , which include most professions of today engineer, doctors, artisans, businessmen and farmers descended from ancestors who were entrepreneurs since millions of years ago, they will have the correct skills as negotiators, who constantly weigh the profit potential. The following sections reveal the nitty-gritty of the caste system.
In 1970s, the untouchables started to be called Dalits. Thus, it is indeed a social phenomenon, which is not just limited to Hinduism or India. The right to fail and face the consequences, so as to learn, is its greatest advantage, making it much better than the alternative. Then came the … Aryan migration. Gandhi was a Vaishya, he wanted to create an image to the Indian people that he was against, by calling them harijans.
It has proved to be a great social stabilizer by enabling the Hindus to save themselves from being carried away by the current of social upheavals. Though jajmani system in the present days is losing its significance, there are still some villages in which occupational services are rendered on payment of cash. Or would a person not allow his hands to touch his stomach Vaisya? Caste factor influences the policies and decisions of the state governments. An individual gets several types of help from his caste group. But over the years, the caste system became intertwined with Hindu India.
But during the post Vedic period, caste system became rigid and offered little flexibility to people to pursue vocations not authorized by caste rules. The intellectual and spiritual leaders. This was also made dynastic and merit no longer counted. The Kshatriya: Kshatriyas were the warriors. In the following paragraphs we attempt to trace a broad outline of the development of caste system in the post Vedic period. In order of importance and power these castes were priests, warriors, traders and farmers, and finally paid workers.
The law books allowed certain types of inter-caste marriages as an exception rather than rule. They did not attempt to abolish the caste system as they saw in it a great opportunity to maintain their hold upon people by keeping them divided on caste and religious lines. Under his leadership, six million Dalits adopted Buddhism. Well defined code of conduct, rewards and punishments and purification procedures became necessary to regulate the inflow of new members into the Vedic society and their integration into the existing framework of castes without disturbing the social structure and the dominance of the priestly class. Sudras were the people engaged in services.
It is rarely observed that the social hierarchy is not just limited to Hinduism but it stays intact in any Indian religious society; Buddhists, Jainas, Sikhs, Christians and Muslims have their own caste hierarchies and restrictions. In case of people belonging to other castes, it denotes the lineage of their respective family priests. The instruction-following producers Sudras - current day factory operators and clerks are in this category whose ancestors were following instructions will be able to handle the orders given by others. The says this about the varn. The original purpose of the caste system, at least in theory, was not to exploit the weaker castes but establish social order, regulate the affairs of the people and preserve the sacred law dharma. Rawlinson, caste is a Portuguese word meaning purity of race.