A camel will carry two of these slabs. Abu Abdalla ibn Battuta 1304-1354 was one of the greatest travellers of pre-modern times. He is a miserly king, not a man from whom one might hope for a rich present. This practice is of great advantage to them. The majority of its inhabitants are Zanj, jet-black in colour, and with tattoo marks on their faces. She also commended to the care of the governor of the fortress those of my companions and of my slaves whom I had left behind with the waggons and baggage, and he assigned them a house. Most of these lances were covered with plaques of gold and silver.
The town has eleven cathedral mosques, eight on the right bank and three on the left, together with very many other mosques and madrasas, only the latter are all in ruins. Three days after leaving Rabigh we reached the pool of Khulays which lies in a plain and has many palm-gardens. This gate is covered with plaques of silver and gold and its two rings are of pure gold. He writes disapprovingly of sexual integration in families. This tastes like an egg that has been broiled but not quite cooked, and is nourishing.
This book detailed how he felt about the black African people he met their ways, private lives morals, and religion. I went on through Manfalut, Asyut, Ikhmim, where there is a berba with sculptures and inscriptions which no one can now read-another of these berbas there was pulled down and its stones used to build a madrasa--Qina, Qus, where the governor of Upper Egypt resides, Luxor, a pretty little town containing the tomb of the pious ascetic Abu'l-Hajjaj, Esna, and thence a day and a night's journey through desert country to Edfu. The nut resembles a man's head, for it has marks like eyes and a mouth, and the contents, when it is green, are like the brain. As we approached the city I had remarked at a distance of some two miles from it a lofty building resembling a fortress. Inside it is the sacred cave containing the graves of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, opposite which are three graves, which are those of their wives. Cannibals We halted near this channel at a large village, which had as governor a negro, a pilgrim, and man of fine character named Farba Magha. All these things are easily come by in the Maghrib, but God has enabled its inhabitants to dispense with them, by reason of the abundance of fleshmeats, melted butter, fresh butter, honey, and other products.
He had a number of camels in his jalba and that frightened me, as I had never travelled on sea before. The waves came overboard into our midst and the passengers fell grievously sick. I stayed there about a month, and then set out in the direction of Tagadda by land with a large caravan of merchants from Ghadamas. The sultan at the time of my visit was Abu'l-Muzaffar Hasan, who was noted for his gifts and generosity. Water is brought to it in boats, and it has large reservoirs for collecting rainwater.
If it is cut open when it is green it gives a liquid deliciously sweet and fresh. They display great magnificence in building these monasteries, and construct them of marble and mosaic-work. For two days we sailed with a favouring wind, then it changed and drove us out of our course. Then there is their custom of putting dust and ashes on their heads, as a mark of respect, and the grotesque ceremonies we have described when the poets recite their verses. This was in the middle of July, 1326. He pours into the other the sap that has collected, then washes the stalk, cuts off a small piece, and ties on another bowl. The people of Dhofar and their customs Its population consists of merchants who live entirely on trade.
A chair is placed for Dugha to sit on. Its people are overbearing, insolent, and rude, as is generally the case in towns where kings reside. A manuscript written in Baghdad is in the library of the sultan of Mali. There is no instance of any of the boys having ever abused their trust in this matter, and they are given a fixed fee of a few coppers. The milk is made by steeping the contents of the nut in water, which takes on the colour and taste of milk and is used along with food. The sultan of Oman is an Arab of the tribe of Azd, and is called Abu Muhammad, which is the title given to every sultan who governs Oman. It is the custom of the king, the nobles and the rest of the people to come every morning to visit this church.
Parties of men in all ranks of life used to come to him every day and he would supply them all with food. A good horse sells for five hundred or more. The many uses of the coconut One of its peculiarities is that oil, milk and honey are extracted from it. Grapes, when they are cheap, are sold amongst them at a dirham nuqra for three of their pounds, their pound being twelve ounces. So the people fasted for three successive days, the last of which was a Thursday, then they assembled in the Great Mosque, amirs, sharifs, qadis, theologians, and all the other classes of the people, until the place was filled to overflowing, and there they spent the Thursday night in prayers and litanies. After he finally recovered, he went to observe a public ceremony - an audience with the sultan Mansa Sulayman.
I then married the daughter of a student from Fez, and when she was conducted to me I detained the caravan for a day by entertaining them all at a wedding party. At Malaqa there is manufactured excellent gilded pottery, which is exported thence to the most distant lands. On this side there are no fruit trees, but all the fruit is brought from the western side, where there are orchards and gardens. It is used in this way. That is why finding appropriate original sources is one of the most important and difficult tasks of teaching world history. Ibn Battuta reaches Bursa pp. It's also a short read.
Their food consists chiefly of bananas and fish. The inhabitants cultivate millet and irrigate it from very deep wells, the water from which is raised in a large bucket drawn up by a number of ropes attached to the waists of slaves. They are seldom unjust, and have a greater abhorrence of injustice than any other people. After leaving the king I entered the bazaar of the scribes, where I was noticed by the judge, who sent one of his assistants to ask the Greek about me. She also commended to the care of the governor of the fortress those of my companions and of my slaves whom I had left behind with the waggons and baggage, and he assigned them a house. Their prayer-mats are made of the leaves of a tree resembling a date-palm, but without fruit.
Within its circuit there are about thirteen inhabited villages. They allow none to enter it until he prostrates himself to the huge cross there, which they claim to be a relic of the wood upon which the pseudo-Jesus was crucified. Can anyone provide some insight onto why he criticized the eating of dogs and donkeys? As he wrote in his Travels: It is easy to marry in these islands because of the smallness of the dowries and the pleasures of society which the women offer. The same thing is repeated next morning until a good deal of the sap has been collected, when it is cooked until it thickens. Ibn Battuta's description is a unique document of the high culture, pride, and independence of Black African states in the fourteenth century. Notes: Previously published: Princeton : Markus Wiener, 1994.