Mother and son both claimed on several occasions the throne of France, and later the Duchy of Burgundy. In fact, Capetian kingship lasted until 1830 in France, although the current King of Spain and Grand Duke of Luxemburg are Capetians. There appears to have been some friction in this family. The throne is not acquired by hereditary right; no one should be raised to it unless distinguished not only for nobility of birth, but for the goodness of his soul. Scholars are generally agreed that Hugh's election was not a revolutionary action.
Hugh I, Count of Ponthieu. When Adalberon, Archbishop of Reims, died, the archbishopric was contested by his right-hand man, Gerbert of Aurillac, and Arnulf, illegitimate son of King Lothair of France and nephew of Charles of Lorraine. These lands were added to the French crown, further empowering the Capetian family. Family He married Adelaide of Aquitaine. But while hunting in the forest of Senlis, the king was killed in a riding accident on 21 or 22 May 987.
Nevertheless, an Aquitainian marriage would have fitted the political circumstances of the time. When Capetian cadets did aspire for kingship, their ambitions were directed not at the French throne, but at foreign thrones. The Carolingian dynasty ceased to rule France upon the death of. These were tokens of the lay abbacies he held. Click on for this line. This suggests that the background of Queen Adelais may have been obscure and that her family had little political influence at the time, although this would be surprising as her husband was already enjoying a position of some power at the Carolingian court at the time of his marriage. Best when privacy is an issue.
Hugh's crown was probably preserved by the inability of his enemies to coordinate their activities against him. Between Paris and Orléans he possessed towns and estates amounting to approximately 400 square miles 1,000 km². However, Joan's paternity was suspect due to her mother's adultery in the ; the French magnates adopted Salic law to avoid the succession of a possible bastard. Choosing Arnulf to replace Adalberon seemed a great gamble, but Hugh made it anyway, and chose him as archbishop instead of Gerbert, in order to appease Carolingian sympathizers and the local populace. Alternative Title: Hugues I Capet Hugh Capet, French Hugues Capet, born 938—died October 14, 996, , France , of from 987 to 996, and the first of a direct line of 14 Capetian kings of that country.
Born in 938 in Paris, he came from a powerful and influential family of the Germanic aristocracy of France, two members of which had already been elected King of France in the ninth and tenth centuries. This is because, as Count of Paris, he made the city his power centre. Apropos of Hugh Capet it is worthy of note that because the Dukes of France had in their possession the famous cope cappa of St. Hugues Capet King of France separated Abbeville, Ancre and Domart from the Abbaye de Saint-Riquier and gave them to Hugues, who was known as the avoué de Saint-Riquier. By 985, he was king in all but name. Thus was the city of Reims compelled to surrender; to keep up appearances, Arnulf and Charles denounced each other, until Arnulf swore fealty to Charles. The House of Capet was, however, fortunate enough to have the support of the , and — with the exception of 1052—1108, who became king at 8 , 1214—1270, who became king at 12 and the short-lived born and died in 1316 after a few days of life — were able to avoid the problems of underaged kingship.
Hugh Capet possessed minor properties near Chartres and Angers. Elected king of the Franks When King Louis V died with no Adalbero of Reims made a plea for electing Hugh Capet. Family He married Adelaide of Aquitaine. It seems the new king wished to launch an offensive against Reims and Laon because of their rapprochement with the empire. These proceedings were repudiated by Rome, although a second synod had ratified the decrees issued at Reims. Therefore, Hugh Capet's reign was marked by numerous power struggles with the vassals on the borders of the Seine and the Loire. Theobald I of Blois, a former vassal of Hugh the Great, took the counties of Chartres and Châteaudun.
All French kings through Louis Philippe, and all royals since then, have belonged to the dynasty. With Hugh's coronation, a new era began for France, and his descendants came to be named the Capetians, with the Capetian dynasty and its cadet branches such as the ruling France for more than 800 years 987—1848, with some interruptions. In her name, he claimed the crown of , invading at the invitation of the English Barons, and briefly being acclaimed — though, it would later be stressed, not crowned — as. His paternal family, the Robertians, were powerful landowners in the Île-de-France. In 956, Hugh inherited his father's estates and became one of the most powerful nobles in the much-reduced West Frankish kingdom. He defended their property against lay tyranny; he sought to remove them from episcopal jurisdiction while upholding the royal right to confirm abbatial elections; he supported all the liberties of the monks in the exercise of their electoral rights; he renounced the custom of distributing abbeys as benefices to laymen.
It seems that the rejection is political the capture of Charles of Lorraine rather than dynastic. She was a ; a daughter of. The Archdiocese of Reims possessed a double importance, first because the archbishop had the right to elect and crown the kings of France, and next because of its geographical situation between France and Germany. Nevertheless, Hugh must not be represented as wishing to found a State Church; what he wished was to maintain the Archdiocese of Reims under the domination of France, and to remove it from the influence of the German emperors. Charles Duke of Lotharingia, the late king's uncle, opposed the accession of King Hugues.
The king of France is Hugh. The family became under Odo and Dukes of the under Robert, possessing large parts of. Charles thereupon succeeded in capturing Reims and took the archbishop prisoner. This marriage was repudiated in 998. There is uncertainty about the origin of Adelais. Immediately after his coronation, Hugh began to push for the coronation of his son Robert. The direct Capetians, or the House of Capet, ruled France from 987 to 1328; thereafter, the Kingdom was ruled by cadet branches of the dynasty.