His intense commitment to systematically lowering costs resulted in many technical and business innovations, including a franchise system that put dealerships throughout most of North America and in major cities on six continents. Increasing mobility and technological advances resulted in the increasing exposure of people to cultures and societies different from their own. This period was the first time in history that thinkers tried to provide general explanations of the social world. Thesechanges resulted from the development of industrialization. Cultural change in society has two major aspects: a Cultural change by discovery and invention, and b Cultural change by diffusion and borrowing.
With the factory system there was mass production which meantemployment of large numbers of people who came from diversecultural settings. These changes all challenged a previous traditional model, and hence gave individual citizens a different perspective of society. He points out that authority, or power that people consider legitimate, runs through all layers of society- whether small groups, a community, or the entire society. Be it as it may, the industrial revolutions had a greater impact than any other factors outlined in essay in contributing to the rise of sociology as a discipline. It also meant the solutions of the problems could come from the people themselves. Lester F Ward an American published his Dynamic Sociology in 1883 calling for social progress through intelligent social action which sociologists should guide. He believed that a science of sociology should be based on systematic observation and classification not on authority and speculation.
Individuals came to the United States of America in search of employment opportunities. According to Johan Lock the principle work of stateis to establish good relationship between man and state and to makethe systematic social life. It strives for the increase of the complexities of the everyday organizational settings Bate, 1997. Four thousands of years men have reflected upon societies in which they lived. Finally, the success of natural sciences triggered people to interrogate basic elements of their social world. Karl Marx sought to discover the objective laws of history and society and attempted to show that the development of society is natural historical process in which various social systems succeed each other. The Enlightenment was in many respects a renaissance of scientific thought and signalled the beginning of sociology as a discipline.
He envisioned a process of social change in which sociologists played crucial roles in guiding society. Accelerated urbanisation and growing industry led to the emergence of the working class as a large and potentially powerful body, which led to the birth of Marxism, one of the most important fields within sociology, and gave people a new perspective and relationship with the society they lived in. It has a short history. Success of the natural sciences-Just as the Industrial Revolution and imperialism were moving people to question fundamental aspects of their social world, the scientific method the use of objective, systematic observations to test theories in chemistry and physics has begun to transform the world. In the writings of Plato, Aristotle, Manu, Kautilya, Confucius, Cicero and others we find major attempts to deal methodically with the nature of Society Law, Religion, Philosophy, etc. It brought about an ideology which believed that scientific and historical study should be looked at and incorporated into a philosophical perspective. As an answer to this question Comte, Spencer, Durkheim, Weber and others successfully demonstrated that these methods could be used to study the social world.
To be accurate and reliable, social experiments must be performed in a structured manner which needs skills like knowledge of history,. It changed the way philosophers looked at the world by giving a scientific and analytical approach to their theories. The treaty of Versailles was a long-term cause. The chief intellectual antecedents of sociology are summed up by Ginsberg in the following words: Broadly it may be said that sociology has had a fourfold origin in political philosophy, the philosophy of history, biological theories of evolution and the movements for social and political reform which found it necessary to undertake survey of social conditions. Some writers have interpreted social change at ideational level and asserted that all social change is ideational. In simply terms, sociology is the scientific study of the society and human behavior. In simply terms, sociology is the scientific study of the society and human behavior.
Various strains and tendencies, some intellectual and some social, combined to-form the science of sociology. Many laws were made by king for the benefit and welfare oflabors. This idea was best exemplified by a German sociologist Max Weber in his study of sociology of religion. Sociology: In A Changing World. Johnson 1998 suggests that in summary, the rise and development of sociology is based on political, economic, demographic, social and scientific changes. Principles of Marketing 470 There are actually six sociological factors to voting.
Although alliances or cooperation may prevail on the surface, beneath the surface is a struggle for power. Auguste Comte 1798-1857 who is credited for being the founding father of sociology was attracted by the social changes that had arose in reaction to the political revolutions. Social theorists were attracted by these societal changes that had been a result of the political unrests hence giving rise to the discipline of sociology. Political philosophers inquired into the evolution of State, the growth and nature of State authority and various other problems of political nature. By providing a framework in which to fit observations, each theory interprets reality in a unique way.
Power-driven machines replaced handwork, and factories developed asthe best way of bringing together the machines and the workers tooperate them. We can think of close relationships as a balancing act involves the maintenance and reworking of a particular distribution of responsibilities, power, and rewards. Similarly, economics as separate and independent science inquired into the problems concerning production and distribution of commodities as well as the larger question of economic growth. It emerged in the middle of the 19th century when European social observers began to use scientific methods to test their ideas. Comte developed -the first complete approach to the scientific study of society.