For example, a care provider such as a teach may conduct experiments in lessons such as science so that service users such as children are able to understand and perform the experiments themselves by imitating what they have been taught. Cognitive psychologists study the internal process which includes language, memory, thinking and attention. She has since learned to put on oven gloves when taking the bowl out of the microwave. P2 — This approach can be applied in health practice such as a hospital. There are a different approaches that can use to health and social care practices, such as the, psychodynamic approach, humanistic approach, cognitive approach biological approachandbehavioural approach. The use of scientific experiments led to psychologists focusing observable, objective measures of behaviour. M1 — Assess different psychological approaches to study For this assignment I am going to be assessing and discussing the criticisms and strengths of two different psychological approaches to study, which are the biological perspective and thee humanistic approach.
Health practice is the act of a care professional that performs activities, methods and treatments in order to keep an individual health whether it is to do with diet, exercise, or bad habits such as smoking and excessive drinking. These healthy natural impulses were thwarted by parents, teachers, religious leaders and other authorities acting on a variety of unhealthy dysfunctional culturally endorsed convictions, or from abusive motives. Alcoholism can cause health problems, lung cancer being one of the most common diseases alcohol can cause. The prices for medication is also another way the bourgeoisie exploit the proletariat as they set high prices for their products which enables them to make a large profit because there will always be a demand for medication and people need them to restore their health so they will buy the product no matter how much it costs as it is such a necessity. I have talked about these in great detail in my previous assignment P1, I will now discuss the different psychological approaches to health practice. Anti-psychotic drugs have an effect on neurotransmitters other than dopamine as well; therefore it is unlikely that high dopamine levels alone cause schizophrenia. M1 Assess different psychological approaches to study.
They treat them by proscribing them medications such as antidepressants. Conditional positive regard is when we receive love, respect, praise and approval, by our loved ones such as parents only when something is achieved that is seen as correct. Rogers believed that every individual was capable of achieving their goals, wishes and their desires in life. The humanistic approach classifies shortcomings as part of basic human instinct and mistakes are made in order for individuals to learn from and help individuals grow and progress when the mistake is identified. For example, if a service user is unsure of what is the healthiest way of looking after their unborn child, they may attend classes that teach them the best ways to look after their child. Explain different psychological approaches to health practice.
Therefore, a behavioural technique such as deep breathing may help you calm down and focus on your thinking. By treating them using medication, it can be easily controlled which will help the patient with their depression. This topic will focus on discrimination and discriminatory practice. Behaviourist use science to look at everything but the psychodynamic approach looks at assumptions. Children observe people models around them, especially behaviour; this is proven during the famous Bobo doll experiment.
Explain patterns and trends in health and illness among different social groupings. It is the only approach in psychology that examines thoughts, feelings, and behaviours from a biological and thus physical point of view. Another psychologist who utilizes a cross-cultural approach might consider how cultural and social influences contribute to aggressive or violent behaviors. Although there are many laws in place to protect individual rights against discrimination such as the Equality Act 2010, there are still cases of it occurring in many different situations… behaviour at different life stages using theories from different psychological approaches. Task 4 D1 Evaluate two psychological approaches to health and social care service provision. Two of the major psychologists linked with this approach are Pavlov and Skinner and although these two believed that different processes were involved they agreed that behaviour was the result of learning.
This area of our minds consciousness tries to balance the activities of the id. The treatment of phobias takes its influence from behaviourist research, A phobic person can be conditioned to overcome their fear. For example, some students may be influenced by others and imitate their behaviour. The individual is meant to learn to reflect on their own behavior, and be able to set their own target and monitor those targets. The humanistic approach focuses on the individual and provides a person centred approach in order to help individuals reach their full potential, in terms of psychological growth, fulfilment and satisfaction in life.
Explain the measurement of health and the difficulties in measuring health. Pays attention to what the client says — what the person thinks and feels Therapist then looks for faulty or dysfunctional beliefs which affects how the client behaves. P1- Explain the principal psychological perspectives The principal known as the psychological perspective involves exploring the behaviour of humans and how they act based on their environment and what they have learnt and experience. All five approaches have their own strengths and weaknesses and they all have their own theories which explain human behaviour, the only problem is not all of them agree that their theories and studies are correct. D2 Evaluate own development over the duration of the programme.
Someone with anxiety learns to avoid anything that may trigger their anxiety. This means that the student now has a total of 20 minutes detention with the class teacher. Self-concept is the way someone sees themselves as an individual and includes three components. In this criterion, the different psychological approaches to health practice and social will be outlined and explained. Cognitive Approach People who suffer from eating disorders go through cognitive therapy so they learn to look at their body in a new light, by seeing and processing their imagine in a different way they can then adjust their relationship with food. This essay will explain how differing psychological perspectives aid individuals with alcoholism and differing conditions to recover by applying the approaches. He believed that cognitive triad negative automatic thinking , negative self-schemas and errors in our logic faulty information that we process are responsible for depression.
Ego tends to be reasonable and rational. This perspective suggest that behaviour can be learnt by observing others. Rogers believes that we as individuals need to be regarded and seen in a positive way by others. Individuals with alcohol use disorders, conversely, consume alcohol to excess, endangering both themselves and others. Can I do an assessment? The food is an unconditioned stimulus that brings forth a response automatically and the salivation to the food is the unconditioned response which is automatically produced. Erik Erikson was one of the writers who developed the psychodynamic approach to psychology.
Gross, 1991 A further objection to the biological approach could be that it tends to focus on genetic and biological influences on behaviour to the exclusion of social and cultural influences. So the behaviour of putting on the oven gloves is an example of negative reinforcement. This gives students the opportunity to amend their short comings and prepare themselves for the real exam. In this assignment, I have provided an explanation of the different psychological approaches in both the health and social care practices. What interventions can I use? P3 — This approach can be applied in social care practice such as therapy. When Pavlov first started his experiment, the dog never use to react which also proves the theory that we learn from our environment. The psychodynamic approach has been used to help explain why mental health issues may be dealt with.