We thought little of the Interstate's ability to rend the landscape, to divide communities, and to alienate citizens. Exquisitely co-produced and directed by Lawrence R. Hott, and Tom Lewis, co-producer and writer and upon whose book the show was based , Divided Highways shows President Dwight D. Running interstates through cities proved the source of most of the system's political problems, as the city spans became quickly congested, occupied large swathes of formerly tax-paying real estate, and functioned as a massive wall running through the cheapest real estate that could be found. Tom Lewis is also the author of Empire of the Air: the men who made radio a book I enjoyed more than the present one.
Though Lewis is enamored of the interstate, motoring, and the American dedication to constant motion, he doesn't shy away from giving critics a voice. We read that the problem of carbon monoxide from expected automobiles and trucks was overcome with six fans at each end of the tunnel. Chernoff, Michael Light, The Social Impacts of Urban Sections of the Interstate Highway System, University of Massachusetts, 1976. MaDonald was opposed to toll roads and also didn't see much need for limited access highways, which may be why he was required to retire early in the Eisenhower administration. Between 1958 and 1991, 15 legislatively-mandated estimates were prepared and submitted to Congress.
This was done with far more detail in Asphalt Nation, but presumably he wanted to write on something more than the exciting world of transportation finance. Pages 26-29, 36-38, concern Robert Moses, who designed highways for New York City and Long Island. Box 12256 Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709 Phone: 919 549-0661 Fax: 919 990-8535 Revised: April 2004 nationalhumanitiescenter. It served as a catalyst for the System's development and, ultimately, its completion. He soon became a chief engineer for roads in Iowa.
Leavitt, Helen, Superhighway-Superhoax, Doubleday and Company, Inc. Eisenhower's highway program was motivated partly by his wish to have a large stimulus program on hand in case the economy went into recession, and partly for military purposes, as well improving transportation. Fleming announced selection of the first 37,700 miles. We learn that Moses oversaw the building of bridges in New York City, e. Classic work on the subject. It follows the story through the problems caused by the interstates and the protests that began in the '70s against the construction of the super highways.
McHenry Tunnel in Baltimore, Maryland, to explain the immersed tunnel method of construction. Perhaps one might fairly blame building paved roads in general. Title I of the 1956 Act increased the System's proposed length to 41,000 miles. This 90-minute documentary tells the story of the world's largest human-engineered structure from drawing board to completion. Hickok, Beverly, Development of the Interstate Highway Program: 1916 to Date, University of Transportation Studies, University of California, June 1980. Forest Service's road policies in public lands. The four books are: Basin and Range 1980 , In Suspect Terrain 1982 , Rising From The Plains 1986 , and Assembling California 1986.
An illustrated history of roads including an overview of the Good Roads campaign. Building interstates involved a bit of juggling of responsibility between the state governments and D. Development of the Interstate System from the perspective of the State highway officials who built it. This was done with far more detail in Asphalt Nation, but presumably he wanted to write on something more than the exciting world of transportation finance. The States and the Interstates: Research on the Planning, Design and Construction of the Interstate and Defense Highway System, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, 1991.
The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1968 -- also provided that the Secretary may designate, as part of the Interstate System, a highway meeting all standards for Interstate highways and that are logical additions or connections to the System. Divided Highways: The Interstates and the Transformation of American Life. Signing Interstate route signs may be erected when the Secretary adds a segment to the Interstate System after determining that it has been built to Interstate standards and connects with another Interstate segment. The National Highway System Designation Act of 1995 -- in Section 332 a 2 designated 4 high priority corridors as future Interstate routes when the Secretary determines that they meet Interstate design standards and connect to an existing Interstate route. There are 45 quarter page black and white photographs, also printed on the cheap paper. Portions of routes added in North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Texas were already constructed to Interstate standards and were added to the system without charge.
Lewis connects the drama of the highways with ever-changing American society as a whole. For example, page 54 contains a paragraph on world events in 1939, e. Portions of routes added in North Carolina, Oklahoma, and Texas were already constructed to Interstate standards and were added to the system without charge. The roads were a concrete snapshot of ourselves when we believed nothing was beyond our reach. . Article reviewing research studies, state roadkill data, national roadkill surveys, etc.
Unlike most earlier highways, the new Turnpike did not follow the contours of the land, but instead leveled the ground and blasted hills out of the way. Here is one of the great untold tales of American enterprise, recounted entirely through the stories of the human beings who thought up, mapped out, poured, paved - and tried to stop - the Interstates. I pride myself on not needing a highway to get to or from work, but take perverse pride in living less then two hundred feet from Interstate 5. Legislative History Related to Size of the System Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1944 -- called for designation of a National System of Interstate Highways up to 40,000 miles. From Egypt's pyramids to the Hubble telescope, from the world's tallest skyscraper to the sidewalk below it, from Chartres' stained-glass windows to your iPhone, sand shelters us, empowers us, engages us, and inspires us. We are distant from one another. Tsipis, Yanni, Boston's Central Artery, Arcadia, 2000.
As mentioned, Lewis also comments on the ongoing transformation of American society, the rise of franchise chain stores and the like. Return to Return to the essay, E-mail new link suggestions to: 7 Alexander Drive, P. Seely, Bruce Edsall, Highway Engineers as Policy Makers: The Bureau of Public Roads, 1893-1944, University of Delaware, 1982. The interstate system didn't just connect cities; from the beginning, many cut through cities themselves, becoming a kind of rapid transit system. The revised edition includes a chapter discussing the construction of the Interstate System. McNichol, Dan, and Ryan, Andy, The Big Dig, Silver Lining Books, 2000.