The purpose of this research study is to provide information to give companies. Do teachers actually implement technology in the way they perceive? As a result, the later educationists also paid attention to the evaluation and utilities of characteristics of educational systems of other countries. In this method the problems of education are studied on an international plane. Remember, too, that once the analysis is finished, and before its results, you should. Interest in diversity issues has stemmed mostly from demographic changes. For this comparison the following four factors are necessary— 1.
For example, a descriptive study might employ methods of analyzing correlations between multiple variables by using tests such as Pearson's Product Moment correlation, regression, or multiple regression analysis. In situations where the available observations constitute the entire population of cases, this method alleviates the small N problem by allowing inferences to be drawn by evaluating and comparing the number of cases exhibiting each combination of variables. For this, a detailed description of educational affairs of another country was necessary. Let's take a closer look at each of these individually. Case studies often lead to testable hypotheses and allow us to study rare phenomena. . Design a case study for your study.
Predictions of educational phenomenon seek to determine whether certain students are at risk and if teachers should use different techniques to instruct them. It works well in a but the clarity of analysis tends to suffer if you need to analyze more than a handful of cases. The Methods of Synthesis: We have already noted that in the study of comparative education, international point of view is now considered important. Purpose Statement The purpose of the quantitative study is to compare organizational outcomes of companies with different levels of workforce diversity. The intent of some descriptive research is to produce statistical information about aspects of education that interests policy makers and educators.
Correlation, a statistical measure of a relationship between two or more variables, gives an indication of how one variable may predict another. The type of question asked by the researcher will ultimately determine the type of approach necessary to complete an accurate assessment of the topic at hand. The Historical Method: In the historical method we study the modern educational problems. For instance, a medical student who is interested in learning more about a particularly unique patient might study the behaviors and thought processes of that one individual. If you need more than three or four dimensions in the table it becomes difficult to discern the relationships.
Similarly, the behavior of a human in a home environment may differ considerably from that in a laboratory. What are the goals and objectives of the program being evaluated? The researcher may also make subjective choice about which information to record and emphasize in the findings. The technique was originally developed by in 1987. Logical Structures of Descriptive Analysis Among the options that were enumerated above, the most salient clues for selecting the method of analysis can be obtained by looking at the extent of data and at the time perspective. Hence the establishment of Kashi Vidyapith Varanasi , Jamia Milia, Delhi and Visva-Bharti, Bolpur West Bengal , in the country.
It is suggested that the United States workforce is becoming more heterogeneous Bouville, 2008. The sociological method of the study of comparative education does not emphasise only the past causative factors, but also those social and cultural aspects which may be responsible for the problem. For example, Galloway 1992 bases recommendations for teaching with computer analogies on descriptive data, and Wehrs 1992 draws reasonable conclusions about using expert systems to support academic advising. Once the instruments are developed, they can be used to describe phenomena of interest to the researchers. Quantitative methodology means statistical analysis involving hard numbers.
Make the analysis manually and report it as text with illustrations. The sociological method suffers from the limitation that it ignores the contributions of individuals towards the growth of education. All these links from the project outwards have to be taken into account when selecting the method of analysis, though the targets of the project may make some of them more important than the others. Often you will want to these attributes, thus transforming them into variables. Comparation is one of the most efficient methods for explicating or utilizing knowledge or tacit attitudes. After you complete all of your observations, you can then make inferences about the differences and similarities that were noted. Comparison may be useful even when the researcher is not interested in differences but in a single case.
Other mental patterns like attitudes and preferences. Bat the greatest difficulty of the statistical method is to procure reliable data. Therefore, their statistical analysis is falsified. An example of comparison can be found in the study Products as Representations, by Susann. Mathew Arnold in his description drew our attention also to those factors which distinguish the educational system of one land from that of another. Or, perhaps you want to know how manipulating or changing the amount of time one group of people study affects their test score, so you design an experimental study. Thus, in the nineteenth century only those people were able to understand comparative education that had a good knowledge of educational system of their own country.
Hence, it is necessary to use the statistical method for finding out the progress or decline of education in a country. If the test results suggest a strong positive correlation between food price hikes and the onset of civil war in Africa, the researcher must then explain why she thinks this could suggest a causal rather than merely correlative relationship. Observation Observational research involves, well, observing. Therefore, conclusions derived cannot be very useful. About the Author Christopher de la Torre has been writing about science and communication since 1998. For example, valuable information on wild animals, such as lions, has come from studying them in their natural habitats as opposed to observing them in a zoo because their zoo behavior may be quite different from their natural behavior. Using methods common in cultural anthropology, qualitative researchers learn as much specific information as possible with a goal of producing detailed, nuanced information that cannot be represented by statistical analysis.
It could also provide opportunity for gathering feedback on strategies implemented. Because descriptive research spans both quantitative and qualitative methodologies, it brings the ability to describe events in greater or less depth as needed, to focus on various elements of different research techniques, and to engage quantitative statistics to organize information in meaningful ways. Most quantitative research falls into two areas: studies that describe events and studies aimed at discovering inferences or causal relationships. Most comparative research projects in political science deploy either qualitative or quantitative methods to test hypotheses. An attempt was made in U. See, for example, Signer's 1991 survey of computer-assisted instruction and at-risk students, or Nolan, McKinnon, and Soler's 1992 research on achieving equitable access to school computers.