I was born into a middle class family that has an average income, which is an ascribed status. For children, however, homelessness is not something they have any control over. Further, the child in its later life may seek to acquire some achieved statuses that are different from those of parents. Status may be acquired, or it may be ascribed. In order for Lionel to become a doctor, he had to first graduate from high school, college, med school, then find a job as a doctor.
For example, let's say someone committed a string of robberies and as a result achieved the status of criminal. Ascribed status is often compared to achieved status, which is a position one holds in a society that is based on one's choices or merit. A social position is always defined in relation to a counter position, as for example, a doctor to a patient, to a nurse, and to the hospital administrator. Our initial class-status is likewise ascribed. It reflects personal skills, abilities, and efforts.
The leader of combat teams, the creator of artistic products, and the inventor are examples of statuses which a society might find it worthwhile to throw open to achievements rather than ascribing to a few on the basis of birth. Status defines who a person is, as for example, he is a child or a Negro, or a doctor; whereas, role defines what such a person is expected to do, as for example, he is too young to work, he should care about parents etc. Although the interaction of statuses is normally satisfactory, at times, confusion might arise because of status ambiguity. The ascribed status has a vital relationship with the internal aspects of the personality. Status inconsistency is when you have two or more statuses that do not go together; an example would be a male nurse. Definitions of Ascribed and Achieved Status: Ascribed Status: Ascribed status refers to the position that the individual inherits through birth. The Master status is the one that will dominate all other statuses one inhabits.
It is something that you earn because of what you have done, because of what you have accomplished. The value placed that men can do a better job is also considered a social attitude. Achieved status An achieved status, on the other hand, is something that that comes to you because you earned it. If, however, an actor has more than one status, the attitudes of any two statuses may be either compatible or incompatible with their demands on the person. Individuals with a low social status generally have a lower self-esteem. In the modern complex societies the statuses assigned to women have changed greatly.
Article shared by We can describe the distinction between these two main types of statuses as follows: 1. Even if the individual wished to engage in another activity or pursue a career of his choice, this opportunity was denied. Gender is the meaning of being a male or female in a society. There also enters a term called as a role which gained popularity back in 1936. Religion is generally perceived as an ascribed status but for those individuals who choose a religion as an adult, or convert to another religion, their religion becomes an achieved status, based on Linton's definition. If they choose to do so, teenagers often have loose family ties, and get involved in alcohol, drugs, and crime. They are neither earned nor chosen.
In the achieved status, it cannot be said with certainty that there shall be a co-relationship between the achieved status and the role. In any case, it is almost always that the concept of a social status causes inequality in society, and increases the divide that exists between the rich and the poor. Maam ki def Status and Role: A status is simply a rank or position that one holds in a group. But the same person in home or café may sit with a relaxed posture i. Ascribed status can be hard to change and rigid.
If two statuses that are activated in the same situation are incompatible it would be difficult for each status occupant to know how to interact with the other, because it will be difficult for him to know which status is the basis of their interaction. This situation results in an individual adopting his own repertoire of role relationship as a framework for his own behaviour, and as a perspective for the interpretation of the behaviour of others. It varies with individuals also. For example, we have no control over our sex, gender, race, economic status, and ethnic background into which we are born. To offer another example, a woman born into a wealthy family occupies both a high and a low ascribed status within the social structure: her inherited resources and social networks are advantageous but her role as a woman may be considered inferior. For this reason, female work is more uniform and localised than that of men.
In achieved status you have some control in either becoming a college graduate, parent, spouse, prison inmate, bank president, etc. Hence the range of thought and action of the old become very much limited. Race, sex, birth order, and ethnicity are all examples of ascribed statuses. One other characteristic feature of status, as understood today, is that any person can have more than one status. It was there that he met his wife, with whom he has one son.
The attitude has always been that males were superior to females in their abilities, because they have strength, they are smarter and they have the ability to provide a better life. Sexuality is considered an ascribed and an achieved status. Still some division of labour between the sexes persists. Achieved statuses are not rigid, and can be assigned to absolutely anyone based on their merit regardless of their ascribed status. For instance, someone becomes a criminal by committing a crime. The meaning is derived from the collection of expectations of how an individual should behave and what the expected treatment of that individual is.
This holds to be evident in most cases because those who accrue a lower income usually have the motivation to achieve a greater status through their own ambitions and hard work. Characteristics of Ascribed and Achieved Status: Nature: Ascribed Status: This is inherited through birth. The society has two types of status; Achieved and Ascribed. Then there are people who achieve a certain status because of an ascribed status. Why we should treat these two terms as separate can be argued on various grounds. A person may have a multiple status in the society.